How Much Does it Cost to Refinish Hardwood Floors?
It can be challenging to calculate the cost of refinishing hardwood floors, but with the correct information, it will be a relatively simple process. The following article provides an overview of the cost to refinish hardwood floors.
The cost of refinishing hardwood floors can be influenced by a number of factors. The final cost depends on several factors, including the size of the room, the type of wood, and the condition of the floors. Refinishing a large room or harder woods like oak or walnut will generally cost more. Floors with damage or warping may also require more work, which will increase the cost.
Even when your hardwood floor eventually develops scratches and dings, you can choose to refinish it to rejuvenate the entire floor. The process involves sanding down the surface, applying color treatments, and sealing it with a topcoat. You can generally achieve the same look for a fraction of the cost of a new hardwood floor installation.
Hardwood floor refinishing can add value to your home and improve its look, but you should know the costs involved. Costs can be influenced by three major factors: finish type, room size, and whether you do the work yourself or hire a professional. When it comes to refinishing your floors, you may choose to do the job yourself, but if you lack the time or experience, you may want to hire a professional. They usually do the job professionally and more efficiently. For hardwood floor refinishers near me, contact Keystone Hardwood Floor Care, Inc for a free estimate. Affordable hardwood floor refinishing in Fort Wayne.
Refinishing hardwood floors: Average costs
On average, refinishing a hardwood floor costs $1,761, ranging between $1,074 and $2,486, depending on where you live. Keep in mind that these numbers are purely arbitrary. Taking into account the scope of hundreds of thousands of floors refinished in the US, the figures are based on a 400 sqft room, condition, and type of floors. As a result, these figures are only “average” estimates. Nevertheless, you may have a floor that is anything but average, so your actual costs will depend on a variety of factors, including the cost and availability of labor in your area.
How Much Does it Cost per Square Foot?
On a per-square-foot basis, average costs to refinish hardwood floors are about $4 to $8 per square foot, but these costs can vary depending on the complexity of the work and the total size of the area you want to have refinished. If you hire a contractor to refinish your entire home, per-square-foot costs can be lower, whereas if they are refinishing a single room, costs can be higher. Refinishing wood stairs can cost between $40 and $75 per tread. Due to the small surfaces and the time it takes to perform detailed work, these surfaces are more expensive. Renting an upright sander for a week costs about $250 for DIYers. If you’re refinishing several floors, a full week-long rental is not unreasonable. It may take some time to get used to an upright drum sander. Depending on the sandpaper grit used, they can cause damage to hardwood floors for inexperienced operators. Be sure to obtain full instructions prior to operating one.
There are belt-action and orbital-action upright sanders. Belt-action sanders are considered to be heavy-duty tools, but they are hard to use and can gouge the floor when used by beginners. Sanders with orbital action are designed to remove only the floor’s finish. Deep blemishes can’t be sanded out with them.
For working in corners, edges, and tight spots that upright sanders cannot reach, a heavy-duty disc sander, also called an edger, is needed. Renting them is slightly less expensive per day than renting upright sanders. As a DIYer, you will spend the most money on the finish material after the sanders and sandpaper. Depending on the thickness and quality of the finish, polyurethane finishes will cost between $40 and $100 per gallon. For a 300-square-foot area, one gallon of polyurethane will usually suffice for two coats.
Solid Hardwood vs. Engineered Hardwood Flooring
The two types of hardwood flooring are solid hardwood, which includes the same wood throughout, and engineered hardwood, which has a veneer layer of wood, usually with a thin layer of solid hardwood on top of plywood or some other relatively less expensive sheet material. It is possible to sand some types of engineered hardwood, but you must be careful not to grind down through the surface layer into the core. Generally, engineered hardwood can only be refinished once or twice before the core layers are exposed. Always check to see if your engineered floor type can be sanded. Not all engineered floors can be sanded, especially if there is only a 1/16th of an inch of real wood veneer. Solid hardwood floors, on the other hand, can be refinished several times over the course of their lives.
Wood Floor Refinishing Process Overview
The process for refinishing hardwood floors follows a logical sequence, whether you do it yourself or hire a professional (usually the better option). A hardwood refinishing project involves four major labor components that should be included in any estimate.
Prepare the floor for refinishing by repairing the damaged areas, cleaning it thoroughly, and making sure that it is completely dry and free of dust. It may be necessary to treat deep stains individually before refinishing the floor. Replace boards that have broken or fallen off. Nailheads protruding above the wood will need to be counter-sunk. To allow sanding equipment to reach the wall edges, most contractors remove baseboard shoe moldings.
The Daunting Task of Heavy Duty Sanding
After the sanding and finishing are complete, the moldings are replaced. During sanding, the flooring surface is ground down to the point where any blemishes or treatment has penetrated the surface. In most cases, this procedure is done with a walk-behind power sander fitted with a sanding disc or screen. A belt sander or edging sander is usually used for edgework. Several passes of progressively finer sandpaper are usually required for sanding. Sanded floors are thoroughly vacuumed and cleaned after sanding. It is important to understand that some deep scratches, water damage, pet stains, or gouges may not be removed with traditional sanding. It entirely depends on how far the damage goes. For severely neglected floors, the finished result may be a noticeable improvement in appearance, but it may not be as flawless as a new installation.
The floor will resemble new, untreated wood once it has been sanded. Many people prefer to finish bare wood directly with a surface finish depending on the species. A variety of dyes and stains can also be applied before a surface finish to color the wood. Typically, wood stains are oil- or water-based and are applied with a cloth or staining pad.
The final step of the process is applying a tough, durable finish, usually water- or oil-based polyurethane. In most cases, two or even three coats of the topcoat are applied with a brush and roller. There are a variety of polyurethane gloss finishes, from matte to high-shine. Buffing the final coat increases its sheen and smoothness. Note: Keystone Hardwood Floor Care only offers water-based polyurethane finishes as we feel they are the most durable product in the industry.
Factors affecting costs in addition to those mentioned above
In general, a contractor will spend four to five hours per 100 square feet for a basic refinishing job. Refinishing costs can be affected by a number of factors including:
Refinishing a smaller room is generally more expensive per square foot due to its size. Hardwood floor sanding equipment is typically quite large, and it is not easy to maneuver it through tight spaces or get it into tight spaces. Small bathrooms, laundry rooms, and powder rooms may be too small to refinish without the assistance of an experienced specialist. In contrast, if you refinish a larger space or multiple rooms at once, you can often get a discount.
Due to fewer stops and starts of the equipment, larger projects may have a lower cost depending on the state of the floors. Labor costs: Generally, contracting companies located in large metropolitan areas will charge more for hardwood refinishing jobs, mainly because their services are in higher demand. Another factor can be purely the availability of floor contractors in your area.
Less known and less reputable hardwood refinishing companies can sometimes offer their services for incredibly low prices. But budget-basement offers often result in sub-par work, and they may take longer to complete than they should. Repairs to these mistakes can end up costing more than the original project. You will need to move any furniture or furnishings out of the room before starting the refinishing project. Most contractors will not include this in an estimate, so if they have to do this themselves, they may charge a premium. As a result, the project may be prolonged and the cost may increase. By handling the furniture moving, you may save money. Note: Keystone Hardwood Floor Care does not offer to move furniture. All furniture and appliances need to be removed from the service area prior to starting our work.
The refinishing contractor will charge extra to remove old carpet, vinyl flooring, or other flooring types that is covering the hardwood you wish to have refinished. Get an estimate on the cost of removing old flooring. Performing this work yourself can be a great way to save money. Repairs: Refinishing a damaged floor won’t be effective if it’s beyond a certain point. Refinishing the floor is not possible unless the floor has been repaired. A refinisher may perform this service, but it may be at a higher price than a handyman or carpenter would. Refinishing a floor in good structural condition will be more cost-effective.
Cleanup: Refinishing a hardwood floor can be messy, so you’ll probably need to incorporate the cost of a cleaning service into your total budget unless the contract specifies that the cleanup is included in the bid. Note: Keystone Hardwood Floor Care does not provide complete dust removal after performing our work. Although we do use preventative measures to reduce dust, we cannot guarantee that dust will not be present after our work is performed. Unfortunately, the nature of restoring floors may displace dust on countertops, shelving, cabinets, vents, and other areas, and a complete cleanup of the home is not covered in our agreement. We can recommend companies that provide this though.
Expenses for materials
Refinishing hardwood floors requires drum sanders, sanding belts, vacuums, plastic sheeting, stain, and topcoat, among other tools. Smaller areas require less stain and topcoat while larger areas require more. As part of your initial quote, we generally have expensed in the cost of these materials.
Expectations for Finished Results
The final results after refinishing your hardwood floors are going to be heavily based on the previous condition of your floors. Unfortunately, we’re not able to perform miracles on severely neglected floors. Factors that will determine the final results are things like water damage, urine and feces damage, heavy gouges and scratches, and other chemical damages. For floors that have been neglected for years, we’re often able to make them exceptionally better, but if the existing damage penetrates deeply into the wood, they may still be present after refinishing them. We do not guarantee the complete removal of existing damages. The majority of our customers completely understand this and have been very happy with the results we’ve been able to give them under the circumstances. If you have any questions about what damages may still remain, please contact us at 260-446-3335 and we’ll be happy to address this.